Shri Guru Ravidass Ji’s Begumpura-
A State without Fear and Sorrows
CONGRATULATIONS ON 641st
THE BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF SAHIB
SHRI SATGURU RAVIDASS JIMAHARAJ
Prem K. Chumber (Editor-In-chief: www.ambedkartimes.com)
Dhan Dhan Sahib Shri Guru Ravidass Ji Maharaj, whose 641st birth anniversary is being celebrated throughout the world, was a great saint/Guru of medieval Bhakti movement of North India. He belonged to the lowest of the low castes in India whose touch used to be considered polluting to the Savarnas. He opened a frontal attack against the system of Untouchability. He rejected the tradition of Brahmin mediator to reach the Supreme Being. He became a model for his fellow beings to overcome the hierarchical barriers of Brahminical Social Order and to establish Begumpura - a state without fear and sorrows. Shri Guru Ravidass elevated the status of the labor by emphasizing on the fact that honest labor is empowering. He completely rejected the concept of living on charity or miraculous wealth obtained by Paras.
By defeating the famous Kashi Pundits in a formally organized Shastrartha, Shri Guru Ravidass Ji proved that merit is not the fiefdom of so called upper castes alone. Everybody is capable of worshipping Him (Almighty). The fourfold division of Hindu society is a big lie and a trick to make and keep a large section of the Indian society under the cruelty and control of the few in the name of purity-pollution principle made by the so-called Brahmins. It is against this very system of religiously sanctified social differentiation that Sahib Shri Guru Ravidass Ji envisioned establishing a state where there would be no place for untouchability and social oppression.
For the social transformation of the society, Sahib Shri Guru Ravidass Ji laid emphasis on labor, compassion, virtue, prohibition of alcohol and all bad deeds. He also reiterated on the urgent need of remembering the formless God whom he addressed by varied names. Some scholars are of the view that Guru Ravidass did not form an organization nor he launched any consistent and systematic agitation against the system of untouchability. This is true but to raise a loud voice at his times was no less than a clarion call to dismantle the unjust system of Brahminical social order. It is also true that the path told by him has become the beacon light for the Moolnivasi movement in the country and abroad.
Ambedkar Times & Desh Doaba weekly newspapers congratulate its readers, contributors/supporters and well-wishers on the auspicious day of January 31, 2018, the birthday (Gurpurab) of Dhan Dhan Sahib Shri Guru Ravidass Ji Maharaj. Prem K. Chumber Editor-In-Chief: www.ambedkartimes.com & www.deshdoaba.com
Happy Republic Day (January 26, 2018) Freedom, Caste and Nation Prem Kumar Chumber
Editor-In-Chief: Ambedkar Times & Desh Doaba
Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar said that “He who is not a slave of circumstances and is always ready and striving to change them in his favour, I call him free. One who is not a slave of usage, customs, of meaningless rituals and ceremonies, of superstitions and traditions; whose flame of reason has not been extinguished, I call him a free man.” On the freedom of India while expressing his joy he said “Independence is no doubt a matter of joy. But let us not forget that this independence has thrown on us greater responsibilities. By independence, we have lost the excuse of blaming the British for anything going wrong. If hereafter things go wrong, we will have nobody to blame except ourselves. There is a greater danger of things going wrong. Times are fast changing.” The evil of caste system continues to stay with us even after seventy years of India’s Independence! We have to blame ourselves for this bad deed. But the first question is who are these ‘ourselves’? Why they did not put the caste to an end? On the contrary, caste seems to be rather getting further strengthened given the distribution of tickets for elections to the state assemblies and the national legislature. Even grassroots electoral bodies are not spared. Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar views that “There is no nation of Indians in the real sense of the world; it is yet to be created. In believing we are a nation, we are cherishing a great delusion. How can people divided into thousands of castes be a nation? The sooner we realize that we are not yet a nation, in a social and psychological sense of the world, the better for us”, sound perfect with the current ground realities in India.
To tackle the menace of caste and to put an end to it, Babasaheb struggled with full determination and courage. He did whatever possible within his reach to root out the caste system from the social soils of India. One of his seminal contributions in that regard is the drafting of the constitution of Independent India. In his own words, “I feel that the constitution is workable, it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peacetime and in wartime. Indeed, if I may say so, if things go wrong under the new Constitution, the reason will not be that we had a bad Constitution. What we will have to say is that Man was vile.” He further said “On 26th January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics, we will have equality and in social and economic structure, continue to deny the principle of one man one value. How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of democracy which this Constituent Assembly has so laboriously built up.”
Let us take a lesson from the warning of Babasaheb and join our hand to annihilate caste from India and usher in a new era of social democracy which facilitates the fulfillment of his dreams India: free from the evil of caste and vibrant with social justice and peace all around. Posted at www.ambedkartimes.com January 26, 2018
Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia Ji
and the Birth of Dalit Movement in Punjab Prem K. Chumber Editor-In-Chief: Ambedkartimes.com
Punjab has the distinction of being the only state in India where caste based social exclusion was diluted because of the long spell of Muslin rule on the one hand and the most appealing egalitarian philosophy of Sikh faith and its grassroots impact on transformation of the life of downtrodden, on the other. However, caste and its resultant social negativities never ceased to torment the major section of the society. Caste discriminations in Punjab were/are more material in nature than social as in other parts of India. Prejudice takes precedence over pollution in Punjab. However, absence of pollution does not mean that Brahminism social order is alien to it. On the contrary, it thrives under new structures of social subordination entrenched in material deprivation of Dalits in the state. Material depravation of the downtrodden in the state was reinforced by the customary laws of Razat-Namaas and the Punjab Land Alienation Act of 1900. Along with many other non-agricultural castes, Scheduled Castes people were historically deprived the right to own land. This restriction made them absolutely landless. It was because of this legal restriction that when Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia Ji after his return to Punjab from USA asked his father to buy some land to evade social oppressions at the hands of landlords that he came to know that social subordination of the Scheduled Castes people was also rooted in the law of the land. This has led him to organize his fellow beings to form a movement for the emancipation and empowerment of downtrodden what eventually termed as Ad Dharm Movement. This movement was the first of its kind that became suddenly popular because of its grassroots appeals. Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia Ji devoted his entire life for the cause of total transformation of his country and the socio-economic and political uplift of his people who were relegated to the periphery since centuries. He exhorted his people to come over a common platform to challenge the forces that subjugated the Dalits. He waged a long battle and finally able to unite many communities among the Scheduled Castes to work for their upward social mobility. Scheduled Castes of Punjab, particularly of the Doaba region, consider him the pioneer of Dalit movement in the state that played a leading role in strengthening the mission of Dr B. R. Ambedkar not only in Punjab but in the whole of the country. www.ambedkartimes.com congratulates all its contributors, readers, and well-wishers on this auspicious occasion on the birth anniversary of Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia Ji.
Posted at www.ambedkartimes.com on January 14, 2018
Freedom, Constitution and Social Justice Prem K. Chumber Editor-In-Chief: Ambedkartimes.com
Indian freedom movement was aimed at liberating the people of this subcontinent from the foreign rule. In fact, the call for freedom was not only to get rid of the British regime but also to liberate the people of this part of South Asia from the burden of subjugation that they were buried under since the end of the last Indigenous ruler named Prithviraj Chauhan. It was this centuries old burden of foreign rule which made the idea of freedom the most sought after value for the struggling masses of this vast land. The idea of freedom in the freedom struggle of India was not a singular; it had multifold connotations.
One of the least talked about facets of the idea of freedom was social freedom that was meticulously articulated by the protagonists of Dalit movement from the times of Jyoti Rao Phule in the 19th century. Babasaheb Dr B. R. Ambedkar gave this form of freedom a new shape while anchoring it on the legal and constitutional framework of peoples fight for social justice. For him social justice is central to the struggle of downtrodden for self-respect and dignity. And social justice would be possible and sustainable only through legal sanctions against any sort of injustice rooted in the oppressive social structures of caste based social order.
It is in the above mentioned context that Babasaheb Dr B. R. Ambedkar based his social and political struggle on the sound footing of legal and constitutional fight. He told his people that any struggle bereft of democratic and legal considerations would fail to achieve its real objective. After India got Independence, the herculean task of making the constitution of Independent India was assigned to Babasaheb Dr B. R. Ambedkar. Being the Chief Architect of the Indian constitution, he took great interest to ensure the principles of Social justice were properly incorporated into this law of the land. He made liberty, equality and fraternity, the motif of the preamble of the Indian constitution. It is this constitution that guarantees the historically excluded sections of the Indian society their due share in structures of power in the country. Posted January on January 3, 2018
TO BHARAT RATTAN BABASAHEB
DR. BHIMRAO RAMJI AMBEDKAR
Times" & "Desh Doaba" pay its glowing
tribute to Bharat Rattan
Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar on his 61st Prinirvan
Times” & “Desh
Doaba” Prem K. Chumber Editor-In-Chief: Ambedkartimes.com
Babasaheb Dr B.R. Ambedkar devoted his whole life to eradicate social injustice and annihilate insidious system of caste from the social structure of Indian society. He adopted legal and constitutional way for achieving his societal goals. Acquiring education and dissemination of information and knowledge among his people made him famous not only in India but also in whole world. He is now known as one of few most adorable scholars in the world. His contribution to Social Democracy is seminal. Liberty, Equality and Fraternity constitute the core of Social Democracy. He was of the firm opinion that without establishing Social Democracy at the base the Political Democracy remains surfacial. In order to make liberty, equality and fraternity as the cardinal principles of Social Democracy, Babasaheb Dr Ambedkar enshrined them in the Constitution of Independent India, of which he was the Chief-Architect. The constitution is a living document of ever evolving democracy in India. It guarantees special provisions for the distributive justice under the state affirmative action for the social emancipation and economic and political empowerment of downtrodden. In fact, the very inclusion of special provision for the uplift of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and OBCs in the Constitution laid the foundations of social democracy in Independent India. It is for this reason that the grassroots support for the maintenance of the constitution remained as a most vigilant guard against the dilution of its social democracy contents. It is for such a brilliant contributions towards the deepening of social democracy in India that Babasaheb Dr B.R. Ambedkar is known world wide in the image of Construction in one hand and symbol of raised finger of the other hand for the coming up of the downtrodden in Independent India. Ambedkartimes.Com pays floral tributes to Bodhisattva Bharat Ratan Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar on his Prinirvan Divas.
Posted at www.ambedkartimes.com on December 6, 2017
GROUP REMEMBERS SAHIB SHRI KANSHI RAM ON HIS DEATTH ANNIVERSARY
Sahib Kanshi Ram devoted his life for the eradication of caste from the domestic structures of Indian socio-religious realm. The sole aim his life-long struggle was to facilitate the Bahujan Samaj to acquire power through the medium of ballot. He was a firm believer in the nonviolent power of democracy that he inherited from the teachings of Babasaheb Dr B.R Ambedkar. A chance reading of one of the numerous valuable writings of Dr. Ambedkar transformed his vision and he did not only prefer to live unmarried but also renounced his family life once for all. After he plunged into social struggle for the acquisition of political power for his people he did not look back at all toward his home in village Khauspur in Rupnagar district of Punjab. He did all this for helping his people to stand on their own feet to get rid of centuries' old slavery and blind faith in the chaturvarna system of social hierarchy, which deny them their bare minimum human rights. He ingrained among his people that the political power is the only key to Dalit emancipation and empowerment in the real sense of the term.
Sahib Kanshi Ram Ji was an innovative thinker and a charismatic mass leader who coined new political vocabulary for the mobilization of downtrodden. The slogans he chiseled adroitly caught the imagination of all and sundry throughout the length and breadth of India. He told his people unless and until they formed their own social and political organizations, no upper caste political party will allow them to come to rule India. And he was confident that given the 85 percent strength of Bahujan, if the latter joined hands no one in the world can stop them reach Delhi. His untiring efforts and firm faith in his people brought success though in some parts of the country. But as far as awareness among the Bahujan is concerned his was a great success. Ambedkar Times and Desh Doaba weekly newspaper pays sincere tributes to Sahib Shri Kanshi Ram Ji on his 11th death anniversary and solemnly resolve to continue struggling following into his footsteps. Posted at www.ambedkartimes.com on October 9, 2017
ਹਫਤਾਵਾਰੀ “ਦੇਸ਼ਦੁਆਬਾ” ਪੜ੍ਹਨਲਈਇੱਥੇਕਲਿੱਕਕਰੋਜੀ
Shaheed Kartar Singh Sarabha
Documentary | Navalpreet Rangi
Ambedkartimes.com and the so-called Upper Castes Read more
This site has been dedicated to Bharat Rattan Baba Sahib Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar in the memory of Babu Mangu Ram Muggowalia, Gadharite and founder of Ad Dharm Movement in Punjab. The sole aim of this site is to highlight the plight of the Mulnivasis (Inhabitants) of India who have not only been deprived of their due share in the wealth of their own country, but had also been subjected to untold miseries over centuries. Atrocities against them are still rampant in almost all the parts of the country. Hardly a day passes when there is no news about the social boycott or physical repression of all sorts on them. Ambedkartimes.com is duty bound to highlight all such incidents as well as to seek and articulate some solid perspective for the amelioration of this age-old problem old social exclusion and blatant violation of the basic human rights of the Dalit brethren.
I once again thanks for your kind support and also expect the same in future too so that this modest attempt would continue in the service of our community. www.ambedkartimes.com deeply welcome your suggestions for its better functioning. This is your web site and it is you who have to make it successful. Kindly send your valuable articles, news reports, and opinions regularly, we would be pleased to carry them gratefully. Prem K. Chumber (Editor: ambedkartimes.com)
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