Baba Sahib Dr.B.R.Ambedkar
LL.D (Columbia,USA), D.Litt.(Osmania,India),
Bharat Rattna Baba Sahib Dr.B.R.Ambedkar
Born: April 14th,1891 - Parinibbana: Dec.6th,1956
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born in India in 1891 in the Mahar caste. As a member of the “Untouchable” caste, Ambedkar suffered considerable discrimination during his childhood. Being an untouchable, no barber would cut his hair and he could not sit in the classroom alongside his caste Hindu classmates nor participate in their games as his touch was polluting. He was not allowed to study as it is the language of the Hindu religious scriptures. Despite these obstacles, Ambedkar rose to acquire highest educational qualifications in the topmost universities of the world: M.A. and a Ph. D in 1916 from Columbia University, New York; a D. Sc in Economics from London School of Economics and a Bar-at-Law from Grays Inn, London both in 1923.
After completing his education, Dr. Ambedkar devoted his entire life to securing human rights for the over 200 million Dalits (formerly referred to as untouchables). In 1947, when India gained independence from Britain, Dr. Ambedkar, as Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee was responsible for drafting India’s constitution. He secured the human rights of the millions of untouchables by abolishing untouchability and by enshrining equality in the constitution of India. He also ensured the constitution made adequate protections/safeguards for the development of the disadvantaged ex-untouchables. Dr. Ambedkar also held the position of first Law Minister of independent India.
Dr. Ambedkar was an author of a number of books and articles and edited four journals during his 40 year crusade to raise the voice of the untouchables, namely, Mooknayak (leader of the dumb),, Janata (The People) and Prabuddha Bharat (Enlightened India). Bahishkrit Bharat (Ostracized India)
The crux of Dr. Ambedkar’s human rights struggle centered on: Self Respect, Self Help. In 1956, Dr. Ambedkar and a significant number of his followers converted from Hinduism to Buddhism. Dr. Ambedkar’s struggle for the human rights of over 200 million Dalits has left an important legacy for social justice in India