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Chanan Chahal

All of these articles by Chanan Chahal
Arun kumar

Last year on 7th August, one of the prominent exponents of Ambedkarite movement, Mr. Chanan Chahal left us for ever. In his memory a function was organised to pay him tributes on 5th September 2010 at Brickllin Community Centre, Wolverhampton. Six members of Sangha plus large numbers of close his friends, associates and his family members from North Wales, Scotland, Bedford, Birmingham, London and other cities were present in this memorial gathering.

Programme started with lighting the candle by Mrs. Nirmal Chahal, wife of late Chanan Chahal and by giving five precepts by most Ven. Phramaha Samboon Siddhiyano

Speaking on the contribution of Chanan Chahal to the Ambedkar movement in particular and to the society as a whole, Mr. Arun Kumar stated that he started his social work from Bedford. First he established Sri Guru Ravidass Sabha, Bedford and later on Dr. Ambedkar Mission Society, Bedford. He was one of the founding members of the Federation of Ambedkarite & Buddhist Organisations, UK and Punjab Buddhist Society, UK. He played a major part in establishing Takshilla Maha Buddha Vihara, Ludhiana. Late Mr. Chanan Chahal worked all his life for the cause of unprivileged people and travelled all over the World to spread Ambedkarite and Buddhist thought. He attended many seminars, conferences and other functions to highlight the problem of downtrodden people of India. He will always be remembered. Giving introduction about the film ' A Cherished memories of Chanan Chahal,’ he said that that was a small tribute to a great man. His contribution is a larger than life which can not be depicted in a short film. He requested everybody to provide visual and written material on Chanan so that a proper film is made. This film was made by Arun Kumar and Mr. Pirthi Kaeley from Dr. Ambedkar Mission Society, Bedford. Mr. Kaeley worked very hard and made such a great film in short period of time. By doing this, in actual fact he has preserved the history of Ambedkar movement in the UK. Everybody appreciated this film.

A message from his Mr. Harmesh Jassal from Punjab was read in which he mentioned that Chanan was a self made man who dedicated whole of his to the Ambedkar mission.

Describing his experiences and association with Chanan, Mr. C. Gautam said that Chanan Chahal as a President of Federation of Ambedkarite and Buddhist Organisations, UK took Baba Sahib’s mission to great height which must be maintained. His last work ‘Evil of Caste’ will be helpful to the researchers. Nobody will be able to take his place. A great vacuum has been created which can never be fulfilled. Remembering Chanan, one of his close friends, Mr. Chaman Chahal termed him a true and dependable friend who always stood by whatever he committed to do. He told that most of the time they travelled together. On this occasion, he sang a very emotional song.

Mr. Jassal, Mr. Harbans Virdee, Mr. Balwant Saroya, Mr. Manohar Birdi, Mr. Rattan Lal Sampla and many others also paid warm tributes to late Chanan Chahal.

Thanking everybody for attending the function, Mr. Ram Pal Rahi, President Punjab Buddhist Society, UK stated that Chanan has left a legacy to work hard for the mission. Everybody must rededicate to work wholeheartedly like Chanan. That will be the biggest tribute to him. He also said that to keep his memory alive two books, ‘Pritam Kav’ by late Pritam Ramdaspuri and ‘Soch NU Sijda’ by Sohan Sehjal are dedicated to our late friend Chanan.

Function closed with the Dhamma Talk by Ven. Chander Bodhi and Blessings by Most Ven. Sangha. Mr C. Gautam and Mr. Arun Kumar conducted the programme very effectively.
A photo exhibition on the life of Mr. Chanan Chahal was also displayed
Posted on September 14, 2010

Chanan Chahal A Final Farewell
(Arun Kumar UK)


On Tuesday, 18th August 2009 we bid our final farewell to the late Mr. Chanan Chahal. Mr Chahal, who died on 7 August, was a leading force in the UK Ambedkarite Buddhist movement. Born on 13 June 1946 in Punjab, India, he immigrated to England in 1962.

Many hundreds of people from around the world came to pay their last respects to their departed friend, colleague, hero, and their leader.

Mr Chahal’s funeral cortege was brought from his home in North Wales to Bedford, which he often lovingly referred to as ‘his home town’ and placed in the Sri Guru Ravidass Community Centre for public viewing. Bhikhu Sangha led by Ven. Pramaha Somboon Siddinyanao chanted Buddhist prayers. There was deep emotion and tears in the crowd which queued to pay their last respects to their beloved Chanan for the last time. Still in a state of shock, many could not accept that he was no longer physically with them.

After public viewing, the funeral cortege made its way to Norse Road Crematorium. The funeral service which began at 4pm commenced with the lighting a candle by Nirmala Chahal (Mr Chahal’s wife) and Trisharan and Panchshil (Buddhist prayers) administered by the most Ven. Pramaha Somboon Siddinyanao.

There were a number of speakers at the funeral service. In his introduction Gautam Chakravarty General Secretary FABO UK spoke about his personal and professional relationship with Mr Chahal during his chairmanship of FABO, UK and Ambedkar Centenary Celebration committee, UK. He said that Mr Chahal had been influenced in his early years by the teachings of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar. He raised awareness of human rights issues and later brought disparate groups together under the Federation of Ambedkarite and Buddhist Organisations, UK ( FABO, UK). He added that Mr Chahal’s published writings and powerful public speeches inspired many generations of Indian Dalits to take a stand against the caste system in the UK and in India. In February 2009 he launched his report ‘Evils of Caste’ in the House of Commons. Ven. Dr. W. Kassapa Nayake Thera OBE, spoke about the many achievements of Mr Chahal and added that Chanan had told him that he wanted to stay with him in Buddha Vihara to complete his work on Buddhism but his health never allowed that happening. The funeral service was conducted by both Ven. Dr. W. Kassapa Nayake Thera OBE, and Ven. Bhikku Chander Bodhi.

Ven. Chander Bodhi who had worked with Mr Chahal in the Punjab Buddhist Society, UK for a number of years paid a very moving tribute about Mr Chahal’s energy and commitment to the Buddhist and human rights movement. Mr Chahal’s daughter, Anita spoke about her father’s sense of humour and how he touched so many hearts. She further added that her father voiced many opinions and never backed down. He enjoyed a good argument or debate, and in most cases he was always right. His voice overpowered most and he made sure he was heard. He loved a challenge and was frightened of nothing. She told the congregation that whenever anyone in the family approached her dad with a problem, he always used to say “what problem?” and took it upon himself to solve – which he always did. In a choking voice, she said,” I close my eyes and see my dad smiling back at me reassuring me ‘its going to be ok….don’t worry’. I can still hear him calling my name, his voice echoes within and it hurts, knowing I will never be able to see him or talk to him again.”

A memorial service was arranged at Sri Guru Ravidass Community Centre after the funeral at Norse Road Crematorium. As Mr Chahal had been involved with many organisations, representative of these organisations attended the memorial service and paid tributes. Speaking about his association with Mr. Chahal and his work, Mr. Arun Kumar said that he established Sri Guru Ravidass Sabha, Bedford and after that the Dr. Ambedkar Mission Society, Bedford. He took a keen interest to unite various groups in the Great Britain and formed Federation of Ambedkarite and Buddhist organisations, UK ( FABO, UK). He was a staunch Buddhist. He wanted to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of the great Dr. Ambedkar’s conversion to Buddhism in a big way. He set up Punjab Buddhist Society, UK and Punjab. In a short span of time, he helped to build Takshilla Maha Buddh Vihar, Ludhiana in Punjab, India at the cost of over two crores of rupees. Currently he was the Vice President of Punjab Buddhist Society, UK and President of FABO, UK. Chanan always wanted to see the followers of Dr. Ambedkar, Guru Ravidass and Bhagwan Valmik on one platform. To achieve his objective, he helped to establish Forum for Social Justice, UK where all Dalit groups were represented. Because of his untimely departure, his dream remained unfulfilled. Up to his last breath, he remained a loyal member of Dr. Ambedkar Mission Society, Bedford and guided its members to carry on Babasaheb’s and Buddha’s message.

Dr. N. Srinivasan, Vice President of FABO called Mr Chahal; ‘A Visionary’, who could predict the things to come and provided the strategic leadership to get people to prepare to deal with anything that came their way in the movement. His monumental work ‘Evil of Caste’ shows his great intellectual power through which he was able to destroy false myths with reasoned argument. He was a true Buddhist and tried to live according to Buddhist principles.

Mr. Harmesh Jassal, a very close friend of Mr Chahal, specially came from India to attend the funeral and to pay his last respects in person. He said that with Mr Chahal’s demise, a wave of sorrow has spread in the Dalit and Buddhist circles in India and many functions were being arranged to pay tribute to Mr Chahal,. He recalled his days spent with Mr Chahal. Mr Jassal added that in his discussions, meetings and public talks, Mr Chahal always focused his energies on one point - how the downtrodden must be empowered and how we could go about doing this. As a final farewell, Mr Jassal promised Mr Chahal that he would continue to follow in his footsteps and continue the work in order to fulfil Mr Chahal’s dreams. Another close associate and friend from the last 40 years, Mr. Dhanpat Rattu, remembering Chanan’s work and friendship with him from early days, stated that Chanan Chahal was not an individual but an institution. With his demise, a chapter in the Dalit and Ambedkar Buddhist movement in the UK has closed.

Des Raj Mehmi, President, Sri Guru Ravidass International Organisation for Human Rights, UK said how well Mr Chahal was respected all over UK and how he always gave positive advice to anyone who sought it. Mr. Harbans Lal Virdee, Buddha Dhamma Association, Southall, Mr. Gurdial Bangar, International Mission, London, Mehar Chand Jassal, Dr. Ambedkar Mission Society, Glasgow and Ram Murti Suman from Letchworth also spoke on this sad occasion and paid tributes to late Mr Chahal.

On behalf of Mr. Chahal’ family, Mr. Ram Pal thanked everyone who came from far and wide to pay last respect to Chahal Sahib and to share their grief. He appreciated everyone for their support and also thanked those who sent condolence messages.

Mr M. S. Bahal, Coordinator, BAMCEF International Network, and a very close friend of Mr Chahal was so distressed and moved that he found it very hard and was unable to say few words for his very close friend.

On that sad day when we all bid farewell to Mr Chanan Chahal we all knew that although he had passed on, his shining light and the work he had started would continue in a new generation of Ambedkarites in the UK and abroad. He will be deeply missed but not forgotten.

Posted on September 10, 2009

With great sorrow, we have to inform about this shocking news that Mr. Chanan Chahal is no more with us. He passed away on 7th August at 3pm. He was unwell for sometime.

  He was a very friendly and kind person, always prepared to help others. He served the Dalit community selflessly for the past 40 years. He was responsible to take Dalit movement to the international level.  

  Mr. Chahal was the pillar of Ambedkar and Buddhist movement in the UK.  His demise is an irreparable loss to the whole movement. Currently he was the president of The Federation of Ambedkarite & Buddhist Organisations, UK and Punjab Buddhist Society, UK.

 Arun Kumar & C Gautam
General Secretaries
Federation of Ambedkarite & Buddhist Organisations UK
Posted on August 08, 2009 (05:45)
Chanan Chahal Passed Away


With very heavy heart and shock, I am to inform all of you about the sudden death of My dearest and sincerest Ambedkarite and Buddhist colleague Chanan Chahal. 38 year long mate who stood by us through all thick and thin situations of life and left no stone unturned and left no corner inaccessible as for as the Phuley-Ambedkar movement was concerned. He preached and promoted Buddhist thought among our people despite of many difficulties.

When it was time to talk about Buddhist Ambedkar ideology he will not compromise.
In the long span of 38 years he was instrument for spread Ambedkar-Buddhist movement
though out the western Diaspora. His death has robbed us of a very hard working and understanding personality who understood and acted to put right every problem that was created by the Brahminical social order home and abroad.

Despite of his ill health he still promised me to write a reply to the Hindu Council UK
that will keep his memories fresh and alive for many coming generations. He was very much against the caste system and its evils practices. His reply to Hindus that in UK there is no caste discrimination, therefore British Mps and Government should not include in “Single discrimination Bill" He gave a very befitting reply, "Evils of Caste" that was launched in British Parliament this Year. He has left an undeletable mark in the history of Ambedkar-Buddhist movement that will shine like a beacon. He will be dearly missed and his loss will never be recovered.

I will write some memorable moments we had together at some later stage.
May Lord Buddha bless him peace.
I am in the footstep of our forefathers
M S Bahal (UK)
Posted on August 08, 2009 (05:45)


With respect, I was use to address him “ Chahal Saheb”. I will not forget his dedicated services to the community for over 40 years. There are a few people like him who are honest and committed for the mission of Baba Saheb and Lord Buddha.

My farewell to my hero who guided me for the last several years and taught me the real sense of the mission. Though my eyes are full of tears while I am writing this mail, I promise him to follow his guidance, respect his principles and make every effort to carry his mission forward.

May Lord Buddha bless him with peace !

In dhamma, 

Raj Kumar Oshroaj, Torotno, Canada

Evil of Caste-
A detailed response to Hindu Council UK's report


The Evil of Caste:-

The Caste System as the Largest Systemic Violation of Human Rights in Today’s World

By Chanan Chahal (A Response to the Hindu Council UK Report on the Denial of the Caste System and its Effects)

“Know Truth as Truth and Untruth as Untruth”


This Report is published by FABO, the Federation of Ambedkarite and Buddhist Organisations UK, in association with the Dalit Solidarity Network UK . The DSN can be contacted at Thomas Clarkson House, Broomgrove Road , London SW9 9TL 2


Preface 3

Foreword 5

1. Introduction 7

2. The Evolution of India ’s Caste system 9

2.1 Brahman (First Varna ).

2.2 Kashatriya (Second Varna )

2.3 Vaishya (Third Varna )

2.4 Shudra (Fourth Varna )

2.5 Avarna (Fifth Varna )

3. Categories of Caste Discrimination 12

3.1 Superiority by age.

3.2 Duties.

3.3 Greetings

3.4 Names

3.5 Dress

3.6 Economical exploitation

3.7 Fines and punishments

3.8 Sex

3.9 Social boycott

4. Denial of Justice and Denial of its Existence 15

5. Lord Buddha’s Challenge 19

6. Caste contamination of other faiths 21

7. The Invasion of India and Foreign Rule 23

8. Affirmative Action and Unimplemented Reservations 25

9. Disparity in Humanitarian Aid to Dalits 29

10. Segregation - the Highest Form of Human Rights Violation 30

11. No End in Sight - India Today 34

11.1 Hindu beliefs

11.2 Education

Page 2 of 57 3

11.3 Caste prejudices in the media

11.4 The caste contamination of British politics

11.5 Caste in workplace

11.6 Caste in places of worship

12. Caste and the Wider World 41

13. Conclusion 45

14. Responses to the Hindu Council Report from other Organizations 47

Page 3 of 57 4


Due to the success of democracy, fast communications, scientific achievements, and the rise of social conscience the world is changing fast. It has already eradicated apartheid and is tackling slavery, and also striving for the elimination of all forms of social, religious or political activities which limit or curtail freedoms for the advancement of the individual or certain groups of people, no matter in which country or culture they exist.

The societies which have discriminatory cultures should take note that there is nothing wrong in being proud of their past, but this does not mean they have to live in the past and become stagnant instead of evolving. There is no argument that the past has also laid down fine ideals from which have developed the best in modern society, but it also gave respectability to slavery, apartheid, and to caste, race and gender discrimination, all of which are unacceptable in today’s world.

The attention behind writing this document is not to undermine or vilify any individual or group, it is only to clarify some misconceptions about the caste system and the damage it has done, as it still threatens to wreck the social harmony of society. I shall be failing in my duty if I fail to thank Dharminder Chahal, Arun Kumar, M.S.Bahal, Balram Sampla, C.Gautam, Ram Pal ‘Rahi’ Dr.Muni, Neresh Banga and Raj Kumar Oshoraj for making some positive suggestions. My grateful thanks are also due to David Haslam for laboriously editing this document and Jeremy Corbyn MP who was kind enough to write a Foreword. My thanks also go to the ‘Federation of Ambedkarite and Buddhist Organisations UK ’ for publishing this booklet ‘The Evil of Caste’, in association with the ‘Dalit Solidarity Network UK ’.

Chanan Chahal

Page 4 of 57 5

Foreword to ‘ The Evil of Caste’

Caste-based discrimination (CBD) has become an increasingly important issue in human rights work over the last few years. It is now generally recognised as the largest systemic human rights violation in the modern world, affecting up to 300 million people in over a dozen countries. Most of those affected are in the countries of South Asia , especially India , where some 250 million Dalits and tribal peoples face varying degrees of ‘Untouchability’. It has recently become clear that caste has also travelled with the Indian Diaspora and the modest Dalit Solidarity Network UK research report ‘No Escape’ (2006) indicated there are caste issues here in the UK, especially in the fields of education, employment and temple access. Dalits are of course the former ‘untouchables’, called by the Indian Government ‘Scheduled Castes’ and ‘Scheduled Tribes, and by Gandhi ‘Harijans’. ‘Dalit’ means broken or crushed but Dalits themselves have imbued it with a sense of resistance and a united identity.

In March 2008 the Hindu Council UK (followed later by the Hindu Forum) responded to DSN’s work with a report which contained a number of inaccuracies and misconceptions. More importantly it sought to downplay the issue of caste without really acknowledging the enormous amount of damage CBD is still doing to millions of the Council’s fellow citizens in India . It claimed that reservation (affirmative action) in education and employment is overcoming the effects of CBD, that some higher caste people in India are themselves ’terribly poor’, that caste is dying out and that Dalit communities in the UK are doing well.

The report also suggested that myself and other Parliamentary colleagues have been misled, to some extent by ‘Christian groups who want .... to convert people to Christianity’. I take some exception to this, partly because I and my colleagues are not so easily ‘misled’ on human rights issues and have met with Dalit groups both here and in India and heard their stories, and partly on behalf of Christians (which I am not) who I believe seek simply to expose and challenge the dehumanising and exploitative caste system. The Dalit Solidarity Network is not a ‘Christian organisation’ as has been suggested, only one of our current funders is Christian and only one of our Trustees.

More importantly again, however, Dalit communities in the UK have also taken exception to the Hindu Council report, not least because it contained a statement purporting to come from the Southall Valmiki community, objecting to being described by ‘Christian missionary groups’ as ‘Dalit’, blaming British colonialism for setting CBD in place and accusing Christianity of ‘spreading hatred’. This ‘statement’ was rejected by that community, the rejection appears here in the appendices. I welcome this very useful report by Chanan Chahal as it gives so much information about where CBD originates in certain Hindu scriptures and communicates the strength of feeling Dalits have about how ‘higher-caste’ Hindus have used caste. When human rights violations occur it is my experience that one gets a picture much closer to the truth from those discriminated against rather than from those doing the discriminating.

A specific and particularly unpleasant manifestation of CBD in today’s India is the practice of ‘manual scavenging’, a polite term for cleaning the toilets of the higher castes by hand, a practice into which certain groups of Dalits are condemned by birth. Despite this practice having been outlawed by the Indian Parliament, and hundreds of millions of rupees having been allocated to stamping it out over the last few years, still around 1.3 million people are engaged in the practice because caste continually undermines democratic efforts to eliminate it. The DSN’s current main campaign is to support the SKA, the ‘scavengers’’ own liberation movement, to end manual scavenging by the time

Page 5 of 57 6

of the Commonwealth Games in Delhi in October 2010. It would be good to have the Hindu communities join these efforts.

The main concern of the Hindu community, however appears to be a horror of the possibility of caste being introduced into the UK ’s anti-discrimination legislation. It is true that I and other British MPs hope it will appear in the Single Equality Bill which is expected to come before the next Parliamentary session. What I cannot understand is that, if there is appalling treatment of Dalits, as the Hindu Council report agrees, and if they are opposed to such treatment – presumably both in India and the UK – why not support the inclusion of CBD in UK law?

This would then send a clear message not just to Dalit communities here but also in India , Nepal , Pakistan , Bangladesh and the other countries where it exists. It would also send a message to the European Union, the International Labour Organisation and the various UN bodies who are currently addressing CBD. I urge the Hindu Council and the Hindu Forum to look again at this issue, and join with us in both our support for the SKA and our request to include caste in the Single Equality Bill. If they wish simply to retain caste as a form of cultural identity, or a ‘clan system’ as they call it, in which all are ‘British Hindus’, surely that would be possible while at the same time rejecting caste-based discrimination? Otherwise the only conclusion could be that the Hindu community is not opposed to such discrimination, rather than ensuring this ‘blot on humanity’, as the Indian Prime Minister has called it, is eradicated.

Jeremy Corbyn MP, Chair of the Dalit Solidarity Network UK and Vice-Chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Human Rights

Page 6 of 57 7

1. Introduction

India has been the centre of attention of the world in recent years, because of the globalisation and the availability of rich amount of human resources of a 1.3 billion population. India also is a major beneficiary of recent developments in IT technology and outsourcing businesses. A major question arising here is will all the Indians reap the benefits from this boom?

This is not the only reason India is well known, India is also widely talked about in the past due to some good Samaritans in this country who have raised their voices against oppressed people in the World. Some concerned Indians have raised their voices in the past against discrimination in other continents whether they were blacks in South Africa or Palestinians in Palestine .

Ironically and sadly, the real India stands contrary to this perception, what we hear or read is largely skewed version of media propaganda to keep India’s name on top of the world. Indians are appalling towards their fellow Indians; they caused huge sufferings to Dalits 1 in the name of caste, mythical beliefs and religious ignorance.

Indians might have been known to support black people in eradicating apartheid in South Africa , but they forgot to look at their own backyard where over 260 million people are victims of systematic discrimination. Over a hundred million people are degraded to ‘manual scavenging’, removing and carrying human excreta on their heads. This is the ultimate human tragedy that one can see and witness in India . India is the only country in the world where human scavenging is pushed upon a section of society by the government officials and religious rulers of India .

India also is one of the few countries where discrimination on the basis of birth has existed from centuries. This has resulted in segregation and suppression. Neither Indian governments nor the people of the society made honest and practical plans to get rid of this culturally and religiously enforced cruelty. The government, media and religious leaders who travelled outside the country were notorious in blindfolding the people of other nations to prevent them knowing the truth about Caste and its evil practices. Indians don’t want to talk about it as they are afraid that it will defame India . Whenever somebody tried to discuss caste, it has been branded as an internal issue. Even if somebody from India opened his/her mouth on this matter, it is cleverly defended by Hindus by saying the caste system is wrongly interpreted. They even go to the extent of disguising the truth, by saying caste was created for the sake of the stability of the whole society. A system that teaches discrimination against fellow humans as higher, lower and ‘untouchable’; a system that treats a certain section of Indians worse than animals is considered to be for the sake of stability. What a pathological explanation is this?

Thanks to the British society for their forthcoming and forward looking discussion on the “Single Equality Bill” where provisions to remove disabilities and discriminations based on colour, race, gender, religion and age will be made.

It is beyond question that caste discrimination, which exists in the UK and some other foreign countries, is imported from India by Hindus. As

1 Dalit is the newly given name to the former ‘Untouchables’ of India .

Page 7 of 57 8

discrimination based on caste is also beginning to raise its ugly head in British society, some organisations are campaigning to include caste-based discrimination in the Equality Bill. But the ‘Hindu Council of UK’ who considers themselves as champions of equality is against inserting caste discrimination in the bill. If they are genuinely interested in a fair society based on equality and liberty, then why are they opposing the inclusion of Caste discrimination into ‘Single Equality Bill? Shouldn’t they be supporting such laws which prevent all known discrimination, full stop?

2 Fourfold Varna or Caste System.

Instead, the news that the Single Equality Bill is to include measures against all known human discrimination has created unprecedented alarm in the Hindu circles. They have come up with a 35 page biased, disingenuous and inaccurate report to condemn a bill that any humane organization should welcome into their society. We the victims (the Dalits), the good humanitarians, citizens of UK and other nations are presenting this response to counter the untruthful, cruelly construed and misinformation that has been disseminated by the Hindu Council UK .

India probably is the only country in the world today whose inhabitants take pride in the divisive nature of their society. It has been designed to maintain itself by means of ‘graded inequality’ in accordance with laws of Chaturvarnya 2 ; each and every caste can look down upon another to be their inferior. Caste membership is not voluntary, it’s exclusive to birth. It is a hereditary system, which is dependent on hierarchical privileges and disadvantages. Even though the original creation of Chaturvarnya had only four Varnas (Castes) it has multiplied to about 6000+Castes. Chaturvarnya means four Castes namely Brahman (priest), Kashatriya (soldier or ruler), Vaishya (accumulator of wealth) and Shudra (menial servant). Theoretically it seems plausible, because for a society to function progressively, it must have its intellectuals, soldiers, economists and menial workers. It should be the policy of the state to take advantage of people’s interests and experiences and also prevent any form of discrimination inside or outside the work place. Instead, unfortunately in India Caste rules supreme.

Whereas the caste divide is pathology to begin with, it has every aspects of virulence of a deadly virus, it is degrading, divisive and atrocious in character. If allowed, it is destined to produce the same virulent pathology in UK ’s society. It is an extremely sinister and anti-social creation. Its inherent discriminatory character has proved ruinous to Indian society. The Caste system is a religious dogma, which has the ‘blessings of the Hindu Gods’. These anti-social creators and their followers have made this religiously worshipful and spiritually blended it into day to day practices and beliefs. They preached it to create a unique and unshakeable Hindu mind-set devoid of all reason or logic. This is exactly why, so many humanitarians, great scholars like Dr. Ambedkar (the Dalit creator of India ’s Constitution) could not dismantle or eliminate caste. If the nations, their people and leaders become aware of the true nature of caste and its evil practices, they will raise their voice against such pathology. There are chances that we can collectively one day eliminate this dehumanising system.

Due to international pressure, Apartheid in South Africa has been eradicated and because of this, anti-human rights abuse momentum is running high. The world communities are turning their eyes

Page 8 of 57 9

3 Letter from Downing Street 7 th.September 1977.

towards suffering humanity elsewhere. Caste prejudice and the atrocities against Dalits in India and other countries of South Asia are the worse human rights violation in the world today. There is a new consciousness in the world, dedicated to the eradication of human rights violations, from human society. There was a time when countries refrained from interfering in what happens in other nations and kept silent, but not any-more. This is a globalised World, which is fast becoming conscious of the burdens and fears of other societies. Over thirty years ago when ‘The Republican Group of Great Britain’ took a memorandum against atrocities on the ‘Untouchables of India’, to the British Prime Minister, James Callaghan on 4 th.September 1977, to be forwarded to the Indian Government on our behalf we received a diplomatically polite letter, which said “foreign Governments are sensitive to what to them appears to be interference by another Government in their internal affairs.” 3

The Untouchable Castes in India have suffered in silence for long enough, it is time the world took notice of their plight and came to their aid. Due to international consciousness of fair play Apartheid has been smashed, similarly now, Caste prejudice should take priority to be shattered and abolished, so over 260 million Dalits can escape their serfdom. This would bring social equality, which will enable society to maintain the spirit of Justice, in accordance with ‘United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ to which most countries are signatories:

Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2: Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the Declaration without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the bases of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or the territory to which a person belongs, whether it is independent, trust, non self-governing or any other form of limitation of sovereignty.

In this reply to ‘Hindu Council U.K’ a lot of emphasis has been put on the creation, implementation and survival of the Caste system. The Hindu Council report has tried to take advantage of general ignorance about Caste in the Western world, so they deceptively fabricated the facts to misguide the people in general. The aim of this response, however, is to explain the true nature of Caste and the real motivation behind its creation.

2. The Evolution of India ’s Caste System

Hindus express pride in having elevated the Brahman to the level of Gods while subjugating lower Castes to the level of Untouchables. The status of a Brahman according to Manu Simiriti (the most notorious of all religious books in the world today that teaches atrocious beliefs against each other in the name of religion) is that “Man started to be purer above the navel, than below; hence self-existent (Svayambhu) has declared the purest part of him to be the mouth. As the Brahman sprang from the Brahma’s mouth, as he was first-born,

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4 Manu Simiriti. I.PP.92 ‐ 93, 95, 98 ‐ 101

5 Reg ‐ Veda. 10/95/15

6 Manu Simiriti. Chapter IX, Verse 15

and he possesses the Vedas, he is by right the lord of the whole creation. What created being can surpass him, through whose mouth the Gods continually consume the sacrificial viands?...Very birth of a Brahman is an external incarnation of the sacred law; for he is born to fulfil the sacred law, and become one with Brahma. A Brahman, coming into existence, is born as the highest on earth, the lord of all created beings, for the protection of the treasury of the law. Whatever exists in the world is the property of the Brahmin; on account of the excellence of the origin of the Brahman is, indeed, entitled to it all. The Brahman can but eat his own food, wears but his own apparel, bestows but his own alms; other mortals subsist through the benevolence of the Brahman.” 4

Women have been treated very badly, religiously they have no status, in their domestic life, and they are to be supervised at all times, during childhood by father, in fullness of age by husband, in old age by sons. According to Rig-Veda “There cannot be any friendship with a woman. Her heart is crueller than that of a hyena.” 5 “Through their passion for men, through their mutable temper, through their natural heartlessness, they become disloyal towards their husbands, however carefully they may be guarded in this world.” 6

There are over 260 million people who have been stigmatised as Untouchables, because of which they suffer untold atrocities at the hands of high caste Hindus. The only crime they have committed is being born in a Caste, which has been condemned as lowest of the low even before their birth. There is no provision for reprieve in this life. They are the largest minority in the world today, equivalent to the total population of United Kingdom, France and Germany put together, who have suffered this stigma for over three thousand years and still continue to do so.

It is a misconception on the part of foreigners and deliberate deception on the part of Hindus, to say that Caste is a profession-based system or a division of labour. Caste is a religious concept by which each Caste disowns any social connection with any other Caste and they neither inter-dine, nor inter-marry. It is a hereditary and exclusive system, based on one’s birth. What is written in the Hindu Scriptures stands as a clear testimonial to that very fact? The ability of the Hindus to believe this pathological and virulent social system and force it upon generations after generations of Indians almost made this pathology into an acceptable and respectable social system. This is a melancholy of the highest order the World has ever known. This is what they preach inside their temples and spiritual places. They bring it up in daily interactions with each other and feel proud to talk about this barbarism: The creation of Chaturvarnya is found in the ninetieth Hymn of the Tenth Mandala (chapter) of the Rig-Veda, in which the Gods have sacrificed a godly deity called Purusha to carve out the universe and in the verse 11 and 12 the creation of mankind is described;

“When (The Gods) divided Purusha, into how-many parts did they cut him up? What was his mouth? What arms (had he)? What (two objects) are said (to have been) his thighs and feet?

The Brahmana was from his mouth, the Rajanya (rulers) were made from his arms; the being called the Vaishya was his thighs; the last Shudras sprang from his feet.” Such anti-social religious

Page 10 of 57 11

7 Vishnu Simiriti. Chapter XXVII, Sutra 6 ‐ 9

8 Manu Simiriti. Chapter. I. Verse 87 ‐ 88

9 Abbe J.A. Dubois as quoted by Oliver, J Cox in Caste, Class and race P. 15S

10 Manu Simiriti. Chapter I, Verse 89

11 Bhagavad ‐ Gita chapter II verses 31 ‐ 32

12 Manu Simiriti. Chapter I, verse 90

13 Vashishtha Dharma Sutra. Chapter II. Verse 1 ‐ 4.

creation was forced upon people; it should be accepted in society as “The names that are chosen should be auspicious in the case of the Brahman, indicating power in the case of the Kashatriya, indicating wealth in case of the Vaishya, and indicating contempt in the case of the Shudra.” 7

Each Varna (Caste) comes with complete privileges, duties and disabilities.

2.1 Brahman (First Varna )

“For the sake of preserving all this creation, the most glorious being has ordained separate duties for those who sprang from his mouth, arms, thighs and feet. For Brahman he ordered teaching, study, sacrifices and sacrificing as priest for others and also giving and receiving gifts.” 8

“The Brahman’s superiority is inherent and it remains intact, no matter what his condition in life may be. Rich or poor, unfortunate or prosperous, he always goes on the principle engraved in him that he is the most noble, the most excellent and the most perfect of all created beings; the rest of mankind are infinitely beneath him, and that there is nothing in the world, so sublime or so admirable as his customs and practices.” 9

2.2 Kashatriya (Second Varna )

“The Kashatriya are responsible for defence of the nation, giving alms, sacrifice, also study, and absence of attachment to subject of sense, in short these are the duties for a Kashatriya.” 10

The Lord Krishna said to Arjun (the hero of the Mahabharata) “O Arjun, having regard to your natural pattern of behaviour to fight, there is no reason for you to hesitate to kill others, as for a Kashatriya there is nothing more meritorious than to fight. O Bertha (Arjun), only lucky Kashatriya (warrior Varna ) have the chance to such a war presenting itself unsought before them is an open door to heaven.” 11

2.3 Vaishya (Third Varna )

“Tending to the cattle, giving alms, sacrifice, study, trade usury, and also agriculture is for the Vaishya.” 12

These upper three Varnas have been separated from the beginning. They have been called the ‘twice-born’, “There are four Castes (Varnas) Brahmans, Kashatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. The upper three Castes Brahmans, Kashatriyas and Vaishya are the twice-born. Their first birth is from the mother; the second from the investiture with the sacred girdle. In that (second birth) the Savitri (one of the numerous of Hindu Goddesses) is the mother, but the teacher said to be the father. They call the teacher father, because he gives instructions in the Vedas.” 13

2.4 Shudra (Fourth Varna )

The maintenance of superiority of the Brahman and subjugation of the Shudra is the real success story of the Hindus, “A Traivarnika student shall never study (the Vedas) in a burial ground nor anywhere near it within the throw of a Samya. If the village has been built over a burial ground or its surface has been cultivated as a field, the recitation of the Veda in such a place is not prohibited. But if the place is known to have been a burial ground, he shall not study there. A Shudra and an outcast are included in the term burial ground, and the rules given in the Sutra 6 applies to them. Some declare that one ought to avoid study in the same house where they

Page 11 of 57 12

14 Apastamba Dharma Sutra Prasna I. Patala 3 Khanda 9 Sutra 6 ‐ 11

15 Taittiriya Brahmana. i.2.6.7. Quoted by Muir op. Cit. I, p21

16 Muir Vol. I. P 21

17 Vashishtha Dharam Sutra. Chapter XVIII< verse 11 ‐ 15

18 One of Hindu Gods

19 Outcastes or Untouchables

20 Rig Veda , Viii.24.27

21 Rig Veda, x.38.3

22 DR. Patwardhan. Manu Simiriti. Introduction.

23 Manu Simiriti. Chapter II. Verse. 135 ‐ 37.

24 Manu Simiriti. Chapter II. Verse 154 ‐ 56

dwell. But if a student and Shudra women merely look at each other, the recitation of the Veda must be interrupted.” 14

“The Brahman Caste is sprung from the Gods; the Shudras from the Asuras (daemons).” 15

“The Shudras sprung from non-existence.” 16 “The wicked Shudra-Race is manifestly a burial ground. Therefore the Vedas must never be recited in the presence of a Shudra.” 17

2-5 Avarna (fifth Varna )

The original ‘Chaturvarnya’ had only four ( Varna ) Castes. There was some people of Aryan and Anaryan origin who revolted against it; “Oh you, Indra 18 , who saved us from the hands of the cruel Rakshasas 19 and from the Aryas living on the banks of Indus , do thou deprive the Dasas of their weapons.” 20 The people who rejected philosophical aspect of Brahmanism and its Caste based social division of society came from all walks of life. “Oh you most revered Indra, those Dasas and Aryas who are irreligious and who are our enemies, make it easy for us with your blessings to subdue them. With your help we shall kill them.” 21

Manu in his Simiriti put all those people who did not accept the authority of the Vedas, who would not pay homage to their Gods, refuse to be categorised in separate Castes, did not abide by religious dictums by abstaining from inter-Caste liaison and the Shudras were put into the fifth Varna ‘Avarna’. “In Manu Simiriti, not only the rules and regulations for Four Varnas are described, but also, in the tenth chapter those of the Avarnas are also described. This supports the contention that five classes of the Hindu society of Brahmana, Kashatriya, Vaishya, Shudra and Avarnas were the creation of the Manu.” 22

3. Categories of Discrimination

3.1 Superiority by age.

“One should consider a Brahman ten year-old and a Kashatriya hundred year old as father and son; but of them the Brahman is the father. Wealth, kindred age, sect and knowledge, those are the causes of respect; the most important is the last mentioned. In whom amongst the three higher Castes the most and the best of those five may be, he is worthy of respect; a Shudra is not worthy of respect on the ground of his wealth or knowledge no matter how high he may be. It is only on grounds of his age and that too only if he has attained the tenth decade of his life that he becomes worthy of respect and not before.” 23

“For not by years, not by grey hair, not by wealth, nor kindred is superiority; the seers made the rules, who knows the Vedas completely, he is great amongst us. Of Brahmans, superiority is by knowledge, but of Kashatriyas by valour; Vaishya by reason of property and wealth, and of Shudra by age only. One is not therefore aged, just because his head is grey; however, although a youth, has perused the Vedas (Brahman), him the Gods consider an elder.” 24

3.2 Duties

Page 12 of 57 13

25 Manu Simiriti. Chapter I, Verse 91

26 Apastamba Dharma Sutra. Prasna, I, Patala, 1, Lhanda I, Sutra 7 ‐ 8.

27 Manu Simiriti. Chapter IX, Verse 334 ‐ 335

28 The Apastamba Dharma Sutra Prasna I, Patala 2, Khanda 5, Sutra 16

29 Vishnu Simiriti XXVII, Sutr 6 ‐ 9

30 Manu Simiriti. Chapter X, Verse 52

31 Manu Simiriti Chapter VIII, verse 417.

32 Manu Simiriti, Chapter X, verse 129.

“The one duty the Lord assigned to the Shudra is to serve the upper three Castes without grudging.” 25

“To serve the upper three Castes is ordained for the Shudra. The higher the Caste which he serves the greater is the merits.” 26

“Now the supreme duty of the Shudra and that which ensures his blessings is merely obedience towards celebrated priests who understand the Vedas and live like householders. If he be pure, obedient to higher Castes, mild in speech, without conceit, and always submissive to the Brahman, he attains (in the next transmigration) a high birth.” 27

The Caste system is set up in such a way in the Hindu religion that one’s Caste is recognised at a glance by means of appearance, dress sense, by name, the way one greets others, general pattern of behaviour and use of language in general.

3.3 Greetings

“A Brahman should salute stretching forward his right arm on a level with his ear, a Kashatriya holding his arm on a level with the breasts, a Vaishya holding it on a level with his waist, a Shudra holding it low and stretching forward from the waist with joined hands.” 28

3.4 Names

“The name to be chosen should be auspicious in the case of a Brahman, indicating power in the case of a Kashatriya, indicating wealth in the case of the Vaishya and indicating contempt in the case of the Shudra.” 29

3.5 Dress

“The wealth of the Shudra shall be Dogs and Donkeys. The dress of the Shudra shall be the garments of the dead; they should eat their food from broken dishes, black iron shall be their ornaments and they always should wonder from place to place.” 30

Nobody can accuse the Hindu law givers for leaving something to chance or incomplete as far as the superiority of the Brahman and degradation of the Shudra was concerned. The Caste system deprived the Shudras of all the worldly opportunities. It deprives them of social equality, the right to think for themselves, to safeguard their welfare, to migrate to other parts of the country to get better employment and it is also designed to economically exploit and suppress the lower Caste masses.

3.6 Economical exploitation

“A Brahman may take possession of the goods of the Shudra with perfect peace of mind, for, nothing at all belongs to the Shudra as his own, and he is one, whose property may be taken away by his master.” 31

Indeed, an accumulation of wealth should not be made by a Shudra even if he is able to do so, for the sight of mere possession of wealth by a Shudra injures the Brahman.” 32

3.7 Fines and punishments

“A Shudra can be slain at the pleasure of his master, and the penance is the same as killing the Crow, chameleon, peacock,

Page 13 of 57 14

33 Apastamba Dharma Sutra. Prasna I, Patala 9, Khanda 25, Sutr 15

34 Apastamba Dharma Sutra. Prasna II, Patala 10, Khanda 27, Sutra 8 ‐ 9

35 Vishnu Simiriti Chapter V, Verse 19 ‐ 25.

a duck, a swan, a vulture, a frog, an ichneumon, rat or a dog.” 33

“The man of the first three Castes who commits adultery with a woman of the Shudra Caste shall be banished. A Shudra who commits adultery with a woman of the first three Castes shall suffer capital punishment.” 34

“With whatever limb an inferior insults or hurts his superior in Caste, of that limb the King shall cause him to be deprived. If he places himself on the same seat with his superior, he shall be banished with a mark on his buttocks. If he spit on him he shall lose both lips. If he breaks wind against him, he shall lose his hind parts. If he uses abusive language, he shall loose his tongue. If low-born men, through pride, give instruction to the member of the highest Caste concerning his duty, let the King order hot oil to be dropped into his mouth. If the Shudra mention the name or Caste of the superior revealingly, a red hot iron pin ten inches long shall be thrust into his mouth.” 35

From having studied the Hindu scriptures and having been victim of this vicious pathological culture, Dr. Ambedkar came to the conclusion that, “A religion which glorifies ignorance and impudently preached inequality, hatred, divided human beings into multitudinous Castes and sub Castes, sanctioned poverty and adopted economic measures to keep the majority of its followers poor, illiterate, ignorant, disunited and divided was nothing short of infamy.”

Under the influence of such teachings social and economic exploitation still continues; “During the study of the ‘Discrimination in Food Security Programme’ conducted by the Indian University Grants Commission (UGC), the present UGC chairman Sukhdeo Thorat (a dalit) and Joel Lee of Columbia University (USA), it was found that discrimination in quantity, quality, price, favouritism and Untouchability is rampant across the country. The result is startling enough to make the government re-orient its food security programmes.

With Casteism heavily dominating the ‘Public Distribution Programme’ (PDS), Dalits are not only denied access to food, but are also made to pay more money for lesser quantity and are charged higher prices. Of the total 521 Villages surveyed in five States:

Uttar Pradesh, Bihar , Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh- almost 40% reported that Dalits were found to be receiving lesser quantities for the same price as compared to the Upper Castes.





Uttar Pradesh


Andhra Pradesh


Tamil Nadu




Posted on January 23, 2009


I offer my belated but heart felt congratulations to BSP, its leadership, grass roots activists and above all to its supreme leader Ms. Mayawati Ji, who worked tremendously hard, against heavy odds to achieve the impossible. Ms.Mayawati Ji have broke the mould by not only winning, but by establishing a Government with overall majority and breaking the chain of Coalition after Coalition for last fifteen years. She has not only struck a blow for the liberation of Women, but she also broke the age old taboo of acceptance of leadership of ‘untouchable’ lady by the masses. This appeared to be unthinkable only few years ago. This can only be attributed to Ms. Mayawati Ji’s single mindedness to achieve the highest position in the largest State of India. She had to cross many hurdles, such as Gender and Caste discriminations and relentless efforts by the high and mighty to criminalise her character. Despite of all these created complications, she stood fast her ground and showed the world that what can be achieved by having noble objectives.

It can not be denied that personal crusade of Ms.Mayawati Ji and her associates have paid off, but the time has come when the BSP leadership must consider their future as a national party with influence at the Centre. It means that they must analyse their status from the prospective of their strength and weaknesses. According to Dr.Ambedkar the requirements of any successful movement are “Numerical strength, Economical strength and Intellectual strength’.

It has been demonstrated that if they mobilise the Dalits and other marginalised communities, then they do have Numerical Strength. If they promote education amongst these backward communities and ensure their employment in private and government sector then they will have Economic Strength. Like other parties they must create many tiers of leadership hopefuls in the party, so succession proceeds smoothly. They must have academic base to write, create, compare and debate policies with other rival parties, forecast their likely outcome and that would be the Intellectual strength. Having all the ingredient of successful conclusion, then I do not see any reason why this party should not succeed.         

A word of caution, having won the decisive mandate to govern Utter Pradesh, the BSP leadership must not ignore the contributions made by the grass root workers and Ambedkarite Missionaries who relentlessly continued to promote the Ambedkarite ideals amongst the masses. Despite the media bias they got the true opinions of the leadership to the people and they reacted and responded positively to their call. The experience of the past tells us that what happens in party like BSP, who has minority based stronghold, their leadership tends to lean heavily towards stronger well organised majority of the party, at the expense of the poor, unorganised and illiterate minority. I hope it does not happen in UP, because these are the very people who stood by the leadership of the BSP, through the thick and thin.

It is too much to hope that Brahmans, Muslims and the people belonging to the OBCs, who have supported the BSP this time around, had overnight transformation of heart by abandoning age old rivalry in favour of everlasting friendship. It is nothing more than safeguarding their own self-interests. I agree with Mr. Bahal’s analysis that Brahmanic ideologists have used our own people, from time immemorial to manipulate us, but did not allow them to get in any position of power, from where they can take decisions to remove the shackles of slavery.  So the BSP must remain forever vigilant and never abandon their true callings and the Dalit expectations must be fulfilled, from where the BSP originally hailed.   They must continue to work tirelessly to strengthen the Dalit base even stronger then before.

The other states of India must learn from the experience of the BSP in Utter Pradesh and make unified efforts to unite the Ambedkarite movement under the banner of BSP, to achieve the same. The State of Maharashtra the birth place of Dr.Ambedkar should have known better, instead of creating unified movement and become a shinning beacon for the rest of the Country, they have created fragmented groups too numerous to mention. The leaders of these factions have comfortable existence but the sufferers are the poor masses, once awake they will not forgive these leaders who have betrayed them and enjoyed the fruits of their betrayal for years.

Other States in India have their problems, but the Ambedkarite missionaries are working in all of them, so the politicians must take advantage and cater for people’s needs via the Ambedkarian prospective. The Punjab is another State which is ripe for the picking. It is financially well of and it has solid BSP base, so it require a determined leadership to bring about similar victory to Utter Pradesh. They must not fall into the same trap which RPI fill in. The RPI, despite having a solid base its leadership kept looking towards Maharashtra for leadership directives. Due to Ambedkarite missionary’s activities people of Punjab are aware of the Ambedkar’s contributions and are ready to take the next step. The BSP leadership must take a leaf from Ms.Mayawati Ji’s book and persistently present a credible programme worthy of support. I have for past few years travelled extensively in Punjab Villages and spoke to the people, who expressed their disappointments with the leadership who do not keep in touch with them. They only see them on Election times. I am sure if the leadership steadfastly keep in touch with the people, the revival of their political fortunes, are possible in Punjab.

We must not forget for a moment that the history wear witness to the fact that our forefathers have been the true nationalists of this country, they have sacrificed themselves for many nationalist and religious movements without expecting or receiving any rewards. The time has come when we must think of ourselves and our down trodden brethren who have tolerated untold atrocities for thousands of years. So let us be selfish for once and concentrate on our own welfare for a change. We must be inspired by the dedication shown by Ms.Mayawati Ji’s and shed the feeling of helplessness and strive for power. Remember the words of our Babasahib who said “Write on the walls of our houses, that we were the dassas of yesterday and want to be the rulers of tomorrow”.

The leadership of other ruling parties of Punjab are always playing the same card of communalism over and over again, as did Mulayam Singh Yadav in Utter Pradesh, but this time the people of U.P. rejected it, in favour of Bhujan Smaj. If the communalist policies are properly exposed by the BSP in Punjab and present a positive, credible alternative, then I am sure the people of Punjab will also reject the ruling party agenda and create a similar atmosphere as in Utter Pradesh. I do not think that people of Punjab are so gullible or naïve to be fooled all the time.

Once again Congratulation to BSP and the Dalit people of Utter Pradesh.   






The Speaker of Lok Sabha India, Honourable Mr. Somnath Chatterji, Mrs. Chatterji, Minister for co-ordination Mr. Rajat Bagchi and Ladies and Gentlemen.

We have gathered here to celebrate and analyse the life long contributions of Dr.Ambedkar to Indian way of life. We Indians are historically known for honouring our heroes, blindly following their teachings without having tested their impact on society. However, it would not measure up to the teachings of Babasahib, if we gather annually on his birth anniversary and shower empty praises, which, lacks commitment. If we continue to do so then it would fall in the category of ‘Hero Worship’. Dr.Ambedkar not only apposed the ‘Hero Worship’, he holds it responsible for the decline of Indian society in comparison to other progressive societies of the world.

Dr.Ambedkar’s teachings and mission is transparent from his speeches, writings, and his way of life. While presenting the constitution to the President of India he said “Social and economic democracy is the tissue and fibre of the political democracy, tougher the tissue and the fibre, greater the strength of the body. The democracy is just another name for the Equality”.

“On 26th January 1950 we will inter into a life of contradiction, we would have equality in politics and inequality in social and economic fields, if we ‘the elected’ fail to remove this contradiction then those who suffer will destroy the structure of political democracy”.

India is in the 60th year of home rule but, the social and economic inequalities are still with us. Due to, which, if we take the events of last six months and we see that last December violence erupted in Maharashtra and some other states of India. The reason was that a Caste prejudices atrocities against Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes and gender discrimination is on the rise. Another reason was decapitation of Dr.Ambedkar statue in Kanpur. It was deliberate act to provoke the oppressed of the society. This was the first time the oppressed reacted violently to public humiliation and desecration of Dr.Ambedkar’s Statue. It seems that victims of Caste prejudices have had enough of empty promises. If the authorities still do not take the hint and implement the constitutional provisions being committed against Dalits, then it will pave the way for the Caste Warfare, which will be in nobody’s interest.

We do not condone such violence because we believe that Dr.Ambedkar was right when he said “We must hold fast to constitutional methods of achieving our social and economic objectives. It means we must abandon the bloody methods of revolution. It means that we must abandon the methods of civil disobedience, non co-operation, and Satyagraha”. If the rule of law fails to protect the weak from atrocities, than the people would go for unconstitutional means. To avoid such eventuality in the future the authorities must implement the constitutional safe guards and protect the victims irrespective of their Caste, Faith, or gender.

Over half a century ago our first Prime Minister Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, referred to Dr.Ambedkar as “Symbol of social revolt who justly revolted against the oppressive features of Hindu society”. The protests against these ‘oppressive features’ which Nehru referred cease to be limited to Indian boundaries, in fact because of them Indian society today have become subject of international ridicule.

Thankfully, it seems our present Prime Minister Dr.Monmohan Singh has rightly diagnosed the Indian disease when he compared the Caste practices to Apartheid in South Africa and said “The Untouchability is not just a, social discrimination, it is a blot on humanity”. There never been, in the past, lack of acknowledgement of these oppressive features what was lacking a willingness to do something about them, instead of shedding some crocodile tears in sympathy. The only time will tell if our political masters now have the political will to remove this blot from our society.

2007 is the 200th anniversary of abolition of slave trade and slavery. It was celebrated worldwide. There seems to be a new worldwide consciousness about the Human rights abuses. At one time one country did not interfere into the internal affairs of the other, but now due to multiculturalism the Human rights abuse is not tolerated irrespective of in which country they occur. It seems that the world after having abolished Apartheid in South Africa, it has turned their attentions to Indian Caste based discriminations.

· The discriminatory Caste practices in India became under scrutiny and condemnations by the United Nation’s Human rights division.

· In February this year, The European Parliament has passed a resolution condemning Caste based discrimination. They said “The rights of dalits remains ‘grossly inadequate, and the atrocities, untouchability, illiteracy, inequality of opportunity, continue to blight the lives of India’s Dalits”.

· The Houses of Lords of Britain had a debate on Caste discrimination issues in India and abroad.

· BBC conducted a survey which concluded that 55% of the Indians in India feel that only possible obstruction between India becoming Superpower are the hierarchical Caste system ‘The Caste issues would become barriers to Social harmony’.

We are very proud of the fact that India is very successfully surging ahead in economic fields and there are all the signs of India becoming an economic world power in very near future. So it stands to reason that all possible hurdles should be removed from the path of India achieving its goals.

The Indian government headed by Dr.Monmohan Singh have undertaken to change the mindset of the Indian people about Caste consciousness and its destructive features. He accepts that “It is necessary to make a distinction between the problems faced by Dalits in India and the problems faced by minorities in all other societies. Dalits have faced a unique discrimination in our society that is fundamentally different from the problems of minority groups in general”.

The Indian Government have launched a year long celebrations of the 2550th year of Mahaparinirvana of Lord Buddha. Mr. Singh said that during this year “We have to make the Government more transparent and humane, more caring and honest. Our commitment to building a more inclusive society must harmonise with Lord Buddha’s message of a just society”.

“The intellectual, moral, and spiritual legacy of Lord Buddha endures and inspires. It encourages us to follow the path of righteousness, benevolence, and humanism”. The Indians should be vigilant and monitor the policies and actions of the Government to see if they are sincere about their proclamations.

The Indian parliament should take notice of the violent responses against atrocities by the Indians and they also must not ignore international criticism as they have done in the past, because, now international investment is on stake. They must move towards fulfilling the constitutional commitment to Equality, Liberty, Fraternity, and justice and make it a reality.

The gathering here today and people in general who have settled abroad should pay true homage to Dr.Ambedkar. The true homage to Dr.Ambedkar is not only singing his praises at top of our voices from the rostrum, but it is to get committed and involved in changing the Caste ridden society into Casteless society by discarding Caste practices in our everyday lives and become example for the rest of the world.

By doing so we would truly be deserving respect in words of


“The glory to those who keep up their struggle in spite of heavy adds, carping humiliations, storms and dangers till down trodden secure their human rights”.

Thank you

Fwd. by Harmesh Jassal




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